Why is my back painful and not letting me bend, twist and sleep properly?

Most of the population will be bothered with lower back discomfort sometime in their lifetime. Most often this is due to a minor sprain of the joints in the back or strain of the muscles. Conservative treatment usually resolves these problems in 4-6 weeks. More serious back pain that lingers on all causes radiating pain into her legs maybe due to injuries to the discs in the lower back. When a disk is severely displaced we call it a herniated disc and if it is pressing on a nerve then it causes pain in the leg called sciatica. Epidural injections frequently will help decrease the leg and some back pain but occasionally surgical intervention in the form of minimally invasive spinal surgery is necessary to resolve the problem.

Additional Links: 

Spondylolysis / Spondylolisthesis
Herniated Disk
Lower Back Pain
Microsurgery (METRx) Discectomy
Selective Endoscopic Discectomy (SED)
Microlumbar Laminectomy & Discectomy
Spinal Decompression (X-Stop)
Disk Replacement


Why does my hip hurt/why am I limping?

Frequently as a result of playing sports when we are younger or having an accident we can create damage to our hip joints. Limping is frequently a result of damage in the hip joint. The most common source of pain is inflammation of bursal sacs around the hip joint.  More advanced damage can be related to tears of the labrum in the hip joint as well as arthritis. Some of the problems can be treated in the office and others require arthroscopic surgery or more extensive hip surgery such as a hip replacement. These days hip replacement through the anterior minimally invasive approach provides less recovery problems.

Additional Links: 

Total Hip Replacement


Why does it hurt when I bend my knee or go up and down stairs?

There are many types of knee injuries. Most knee injuries caused pain that is worse when the knee is somewhat bent and increased pressure is applied such as in squatting and stair climbing. The most common source of knee pain relates to our kneecaps wearing out. The next most common cause of knee pain is due to a torn cartilage (meniscus) which will require an MRI scan to make an accurate diagnosis. More advanced cases of knee pain can be caused by arthritis that can require knee replacement or partial knee replacement surgery.

Additional Links: 

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear
Posterior Cruciate Ligament Tear
Collateral Ligament Tear
Patella (Kneecap) Problems
Degenerative Osteoarthritis
Torn Meniscus
Total Knee Replacement
KineMatch® Custom Patellofemoral Replacement (PFR) Patient Information Pamphlet


Where did the pain in my ankle and foot come from?

Most ankle pain occurs following a minor twisting injury while walking on uneven ground. Advanced injuries May cause a fracture in the ankle requiring a reduction of the fracture and or surgery. Additional sources of ankle pain relate to inflammation of the tendons or rupture of the tendons around the ankle. The most common cause of pain in our feet can be due to plantar fasciitis (heal pain syndrome) or tendon inflammation. In addition deformity of our toes can be associated with arthritis that can require shoe modification including orthotics or cortisone injections as well as possible surgery.

Additional Links: 


Achilles Tenonitis / Rupture
Ankle Fusion


Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction (Flat Foot)
Plantar Fasciitis (Heel Pain Syndrome)
Posterior Tibial Tendonitis / Rupture
Osteochondritis Dessicans
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome